My Maternal Second Great Grandmother, Maria “Mary” Kobel Claussen


Hanover or Hannover, on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony, and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom …Wikipedia

My Maternal Second Great Grandmother, Maria “Mary” Kobel Claussen

Birth: Mar. 28, 1827
Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany


Death: Feb. 7, 1903
Houston County
Minnesota, USA 


Daughter of Henry Kobel (also spelled Koble and Kobell) and Maria “Mary” Rabe. Religion: Evangelical Lutheran


Manhattan, New York, New York

name: Maria Kobel
event: Immigration
event date: 1836
event place: New York, New York, United States
gender: Female
age: 9
previous residence or nationality: Baden
ship: Europe
estimated birth year: 1827
nara publication title: Index to Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1820-1846.
nara publication number: M261
nara roll number: 53
film number: 350256
digital folder number: 004786718
image number: 05191
Citing this Record
“New York, New York, Index to Passenger Lists, 1820-1846,” index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 30 Jan 2013), Maria Kobel, 1836.

Wife of Henry Clausen. Married in 1859 in Illinois.
Mother of August Luehrs, (step son of Henry Clausen), Frederick “Fred”, Minnie, Caroline “Carrie”, Emma Elsie (Palen), and Louisa Clausen (Olsen).

Daughter of Henry Kobel (also spelled Koble and Kobell) and Maria “Mary” Rabe.

[Obituary of Mrs. Henry Clausen in Caledonia Argus newspaper: Feb 14, 1903. Vol. 24. No 12: Mrs. Henry Clausen, whose death was briefly mentioned in our last issue, was born in Hanover, Germany, in the year 1828, and came to this country with her parents when quite young. The deceased was a resident of this county for a number of years, having made her home with her son, August Leuhrs, of this city, since the death of her husband in 1901. Six children are left to mourn the untimely loss of a good and loving mother: August Leuhrs, Mrs. F. J. Palen and Mrs. Wm. Kasten of Caledonia: Fred Leuhrs of Lyons, Nebr; Mrs Peter Close of Staples, Minn.; and Mrs. Geo. Oelshig, of La Crosse. The funeral was held Tuesday from the Lutheran church of this place. Rev. Pankow officiating, and remains were interned in the Evergreen cemetery. source: Duane St. Mary, FAG Volunteer  #47600306]

Name: Maria Classen
Event Type: Census
Event Year: 1870
Event Place: Illinois, United States
Gender: Female
Age: 43
Race: White
Race (Original): W
Birth Year (Estimated): 1826-1827
Birthplace: Germany
Page Number: 4
Household ID: 26
Line Number: 22
Affiliate Name: The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
Affiliate Publication Number: M593
GS Film number: 000545791
Digital Folder Number: 004263294
Image Number: 00125
Household Gender Age Birthplace
Henry Classen M 43 Germany
Maria Classen F 43 Germany
August Classen M 13 Illinois
Frederick Classen M 11 Illinois
Mina Classen F 9 Illinois
Caroline Classen F 7 Illinois
Emma Classen F 5 Illinois
Louisa Classen F 1 Illinois

1875 U.S. Census:
name:Mary Clasen
residence:Mayville, Houston, Minnesota
estimated birth year:1827
father’s birthplace:Hanover
mother’s birthplace:Belgium
line number:28
family number:26
film number:0565723
Theodore ClasenFPrussia
Mary ClasenFHanover
August ClasenFIllinois
Frank ClasenMIllinois
Minnie ClasenFIllinois
Carolina ClasenFIllinois
Emma ClasenFIllinois
Louisa ClasenFIllinois
Citing this Record
“Minnesota, State Census, 1875,” index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 17 Oct 2012), Mary Clasen in household of Theodore Clasen, Mayville, Houston, Minnesota.

Name: Mary Clasenn
Event Type: Census
Event Date: 1880
Event Place: Caledonia, Houston, Minnesota, United States
Gender: Female
Age: 53
Marital Status: Married
Occupation: Keeps House
Race (Original): W
Ethnicity: American
Relationship to Head of Household: Wife
Birthplace: Germany
Birth Date: 1827
Spouse’s Name: Henry Clasenn
Spouse’s Birthplace: Germany
Father’s Name:
Father’s Birthplace: Germany
Mother’s Name:
Mother’s Birthplace: Germany
Page: 357
Page Letter: C
Entry Number: 1756
Affiliate Film Number: T9-0623
GS Film number: 1254623
Digital Folder Number: 004241995
Image Number: 00719
Household Gender Age Birthplace
Self Henry Clasenn M 53 Germany
Wife Mary Clasenn F 53 Germany
Daughter Carrie Clasenn F 17 Illinois, United States
Daughter Minnie Clasenn F 19 Illinois, United States
Daughter Emma Clasenn F 15 Illinois, United States
Daughter Louisa Clasenn F 12 Illinois, United States

name:Henry Claussen
titles & terms:
event date:1900
event place:ED 67 Caledonia Township Caledonia village, Houston, Minnesota, United States
birth date:Feb 1827
relationship to head of household:Stepfather
father’s birthplace:Germany
mother’s birthplace:Germany
race or color (standardized):White
marital status:Married
years married:40
estimated marriage year:1860
mother how many children:
number living children:
immigration year:1855
sheet letter:B
family number:157
reference number:100
film number:1240765
digital folder number:004120276
image number:00273
headAugust LuehrsM43Illinois
motherMary ClaussenF73Germany
stepfatherHenry ClaussenM73Germany
Source Citation
“United States Census, 1900,” index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 01 Aug 2012), Henry Claussen in household of August Luehrs, ED 67 Caledonia Township Caledonia village, Houston, Minnesota, United States; citing sheet 7B, family 157, NARA microfilm publication T623, FHL microfilm 1240765.

Name: Mary Classen
Gender: Female
Burial Date:
Burial Place: Caledonia
Death Date: 07 Feb 1903
Death Place: Caledonia, Houston, Minnesota
Age: 75
Birth Date: 28 Mar 1827
Birthplace: Germany
Occupation: Housekeeping
Race: White
Marital Status: Widowed
Spouse’s Name:
Father’s Name: Henry Koble
Father’s Birthplace: Germany
Mother’s Name: Mary Rabe
Mother’s Birthplace: Germany
Indexing Project (Batch) Number: B53042-4
System Origin: Minnesota-EASy
GS Film number: 1316884
Reference ID: p 19

Family links: 
Henrick Clausen (1827 – 1901)

Emma Elsie Clausen Palen (1865 – 1931)

Evergreen Cemetery
Houston County
Minnesota, USA 

Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Dec 11, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 102011110

Evergreen Cemetery – Caledonia, Houston, Minnesota USA

Evergreen Cemetary - Caledonia, Houston, Minnesota USA

Evergreen Cemetery - Inside - Caledonia, Minnesota, USA



Evergreen Cemetery – Caledonia, Houston, Minnesota USA


Herrenhausen Gardens, Hannover, Lower Saxony, Germany

The Herrenhausen Gardens - Die Herrenhäuser Gä...
The Herrenhausen Gardens – Die Herrenhäuser Gärten – Os jardins de Herrenhausen (Photo credit: © O de Andrade)
The Herrenhausen Gardens - Die Herrenhäuser Gä...
The Herrenhausen Gardens – Die Herrenhäuser Gärten – Os jardins de Herrenhausen (Photo credit: © O de Andrade)
English: View of the Great Garden of the Herre...
English: View of the Great Garden of the Herrenhausen Gardens in Hanover, Germany Deutsch: Blick auf das Große Parterre des Großen Gartens der Herrenhäuser Gärten in Hannover (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Herrenhausen Gardens, Hannover, Germany

Discover one of the most beautiful baroque style gardens in Europe

The art of European horticulture over three centuries
The City of Hannover owes the brightest jewel in its crown to an out-of-the-ordinary woman: the world-famous baroque gardens of Herrenhausen were created by Sophia, Princess Palatine of the Rhine, who was Electress of Hannover from 1692 to 1714. The baroque Great Garden (Grosser Garten) and the adjacent George Garden (Georgengarten), a landscape garden in the English style, together form a grand display of the art of European horticulture over a period of three centuries on an area measuring almost two kilometres from end to end. Opposite them is the Hill Garden (Berggarten), which has developed into a botanical display garden of international standing; between 500 and 800 orchids in resplendent bloom can be admired there at any time of the year.

The Great Garden – a festive hall out of doors

Just as the ladies and gentlemen of the court once used to do, today’s visitors too stroll pleasurably between the richly ornamented beds, which on summer evenings are festively illuminated. Springing water babbles in hidden corners, while the Great Fountain rises to an impressive height of 70 meters  In summer the gardens become a dream backcloth for the concerts and performances of musicals and drama that make up the Herrenhausen Festival Weeks; at the annual International Firework Competition the pyrotechnics paint fantastic pictures in the air; and at the “Little Festival in the Great Garden” dancers, mime artists and musicians turn the gardens with all their ramifications into an enormous open-air stage.

Niki’s magic world

In Herrenhausen is to be found the final love token given to the people of Hannover by the world-famous artist Niki de Saint Phalle: LA GROTTE. She created this unique work in a 325-year-old grotto in the baroque Great Garden; it is a place of enchantment that exerts a magic attraction on Niki’s fans from all over the world. Mosaics composed of mirrors, pebbles and colored glass come together to give visitors an absorbing sensuous experience; constantly changing light conditions disseminate a mystic atmosphere that captivates children and adults alike.

Großer Brunnen in den Herrenhäuser Gärten.
Großer Brunnen in den Herrenhäuser Gärten. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Have Bag, Will Travel

Have Bag, Will Travel

Heidelberg Castle Germany

“A ruin must be rightly situated, to be effective. This one could not have been better placed. It stands upon a commanding elevation, it is buried in green woods, there is no level ground about it, but, on the contrary, there are wooded terraces upon terraces, and one looks down through shining leaves into profound chasms and abysses where twilight reigns and the sun cannot intrude.”                                                                                                                                         Mark Twain – ‘A Tramp Abroad’

Heidelberg has an iconic status as a centre of Germanic…

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My Maternal Second Great Grandfather~Heinrich Claussen~Hannover, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany

Market Church in Hanover
Market Church in Hanover (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The coat of arms of Lower Saxony. Also the for...
The coat of arms of Lower Saxony. Also the former ( – 1947) coat of arms of Land Braunschweig. Keep red shade parallel with File:Flag of Germany.svg’s red shade. A white Saxon steed (Sachsenross) on a red background. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Coat of arms of Hanover
Coat of arms of Hanover (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


Leine at Hannover City

Leine at Hannover City (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

George V of Hanover.
George V of Hanover. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Leine (Photo credit: perldude)
Hanover or Hannover, on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony, Germany and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of Great Britain, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg. ~~Wikipedia
My Maternal Second Great Grandparents were Heinrich “Henry” and Maria “Mary” (Kobel) Claussen (also spelled Clausen and Classen). Henry emigrated in 1855 to Castle Garden, New York, New York.
Henry was born in February 1827 in Hannover, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany.
Died in 24 July 1901 in Caledonia, Houston, Minnesota.  
Married in 1859 in Illinois to Maria “Mary” Kobel who was born on 28 March 1827 in Baden, Rheinland-Palatinate, Germany.
She emigrated from Baden, Germany in 1836 to Castle Garden, New York, New York. Settled in Illinois and Minnesota.
Died 7 February 1903 in Caledonia, Houston County, Minnesota.
Burial St. John’s German Lutheran Cemetery, Caledonia, Houston County, Minnesota.
Henry & Mary (Kobel) Claussen had six children: August (Luehrs) Henry’s Step son, Frederick “Fred” H., Minnie, Caroline, Emma Elsie (Palen), and Louisa (Olsen) Claussen .
English: river
English: river “Ihme” in flood ditch in Hanover with flood of the river “Leine”, right in picture the flooded “Leine-Heide-Radweg” (cycleway) Deutsch: Ihme im Flutgraben in Hannover, Hochwasser der Leine führend, rechts im Bild der überflutete Leine-Heide-Radweg (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
 Leineschloss: river frontage

Leineschloss: river frontage (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Hanover or Hannover is situated on the river Leine. It is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) in Germany. The city is a major center of northern Germany.

A highlight is the New City Hall or New Town Hall which was opened on July 20, 1913, after having been under construction for 12 years. It is a magnificent, castle-like building of the era of William II in eclectic style at the southern edge of the inner city (outside of the historic city center of Hanover). The building is embedded in the 10 hectare Maschpark.

The Old City Hall is no longer used as the main seat of administration, but houses businesses and the registry office.
The dome of the New City Hall, with its observation platform, is nearly 100 m high. The dome’s elevator is unique in Europe, with its arched course (parabolic, following the shape of the dome).

The Marktkirche (‘The Church on the Marketplace’ or Market Church) St. Georg and St. Jakobus (‘St. George and St. James’) is the main Lutheran church in Hanover. It was built in the 14th century and together with the nearby Old Town Hall, is considered the southernmost exemplar of the ‘North German brick gothic’ (Norddeutsche Backsteingotik) architectural style.

Hanover is the capital of the state of Lower Saxony was founded in 1946. The city lies along the line of the estimated 515,000 residents. It belongs to the region of Hanover, a local government association, a special kind, and is part of the metropolitan region of Hanover-Brunswick-Göttingen. Hanover was the capital of the country and in 1866 the Prussian province of the same name. The city is today a globally important fair city. It is located at the intersection of important national and European roads.

             History of Hanover

Hanover was founded in medieval times on the south bank of the river Leine. Its original name Honovere may mean “high (river)bank”, though this is debated (cf. das Hohe Ufer). Hanover was a small village of ferrymen and fishermen that became a comparatively large town in the 13th century due to its position at a natural crossroads. As overland travel was relatively difficult, its position on the upper navigable reaches of the river helped it to grow by increasing trade. It was connected to the Hanseatic League city of Bremen by the Leine, and was situated near the southern edge of the wide North German Plain and north-west of theHarz mountains, so that east-west traffic such as mule trains passed through it. Hanover was thus a gateway to the RhineRuhr and Saar river valleys, their industrial areas which grew up to the southwest and the plains regions to the east and north, for overland traffic skirting the Harz between the Low Countries and Saxony or Thuringia.

In the 14th century the main churches of Hanover were built, as well as a city wall with three city gates. The beginning of industrialization in Germany led to trade in iron and silver from the northern Harz mountains, which increased the city’s importance.

In 1636 George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruler of the Brunswick-Lüneburg principality of Calenberg, moved his residence to Hanover. The Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg were elevated by the Holy Roman Emperor to the rank of Prince-Elector in 1692, and this elevation was confirmed by the Diet in 1708. Thus the principality was upgraded to the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, colloquially known as the Electorate of Hanover after Calenberg’s capital (see also: House of Hanover). Its electors would later become monarchs of Great Britain (and from 1801, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland). The first of these was George I Louis, who acceded to the British throne in 1714. The last British monarch who ruled in Hanover was William IVSalic law, which required succession by the male line, forbade the accession of Queen Victoria in Hanover. As a male-line descendant of George I, Queen Victoria was herself a member of the House of Hanover. Her descendants, however, bore her husband’s titular name of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Three kings of Great Britain, or the United Kingdom, were at the same time Electoral Princes of Hanover.

During the time of the personal union of the crowns of the United Kingdom and Hanover (1714–1837), the monarchs rarely visited the city. In fact, during the reigns of the final three joint rulers (1760–1837), there was only one short visit, by George IV in 1821. From 1816 to 1837 Viceroy Adolphus represented the monarch in Hanover.

During the Seven Years’ War the Battle of Hastenbeck was fought on July 26, 1757, near the city. The French army defeated the Hanoverian Army of Observation, leading to the city’s occupation as part of the Invasion of Hanover. It was recaptured by Anglo-German forces led by Ferdinand of Brunswick the following year.





My Maternal Great Grandmother -Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen

Emma Elsie Claussen Palen & Phylis Adele Palen-c.1907

Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen & daughter, Phylis Adele Palen, about 1907, Caledonia, Minnesota. My Grandmother and Great Grandmother. This is the only pic that I have of them. I treasure it, and I share it with others. Emma died before I was born. I wish that I could have known her. Her father was Henry Claussen, and her mother was Maria “Mary” (Kobel) Claussen. They emigrated from Hannover, Prussia (Germany) in 1855.

Frank Joseph Palen, in 1948, at 705 W. Third Street, Dubuque, Iowa. Great Grandsons; Mike Jackson, Pete & Bill Burgess

Monee Reservoir, Monee, Will County, Illinois


Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen

Feb. 15, 1865

Monee, Will County Illinois, USA
Nov. 27, 1930

Dubuque, Dubuque County Iowa, USA 
 Daughter of Henry Clausenn and Mary (Koble) Clausenn both born in Germany.

Emigrated in 1855 to Illinois. There name was also spelled Claussen, and Classen. I was so excited to find Emma in the 1870 Census for Illinois, so now after 25 yrs. of searching I know who her parents and siblings were.

The 1870 Census for Illinois shows:

name: Emma Classen

estimated birth year: 1865

gender: Female

age in 1870: 5y

color : White

birthplace: Illinois

home in 1870: Illinois, United States

Household Gender Age Birthplace

Henry Classen M 43y Germany

Maria Classen F 43y Germany

August Classen M 13y Illinois

Frederick Classen M 11y Illinois

Mina Classen F 9y Illinois

Caroline Classen F 7y Illinois

Emma Classen F 5y Illinois

Louisa Classen F 1y Illinois Source Citation “United States Census, 1870,” index and images, FamilySearch ( : accessed 10 Aug 2012), Emma Classen in household of Henry Classen, Illinois, United States; citing p. 4, family 26, NARA microfilm publication M593, FHL microfilm 545791.

Emma was the sister of: August (Luehrs), Frederick, Minnie, Caroline, and Louisa Clasenn.

Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen, beloved first wife of Frank Joseph Palen, married in 1885 in Caledonia, Houston County, Minnesota. Mother of Phyllis Adele Eugenia (Palen) Linderman, my Grandmother. I never knew my Great Grandmother, Emma because she died before I was born.

My Mother is Jean Marie (Linderman)Frederick Mancill, and she told me that Emma was Lutheran, but Frank was Catholic. And…that poor Emma had to attend her church alone, because she had promised to raise their children as Catholic. Mother also told me that Emma had heart problems.

My Grandmother wasn’t allowed to attend church with her Mother, and was forced to attend Catholic schools until she was in High School. Phylis changed spelling of her name to Phyllis, and then she begged her Father to allow her to go to Public High School. He never forgave himself for it, because she married a Lutheran not a Catholic.

Through research, thanks to LeRoy Amacher, I found out that Frank and Emma were both buried in the Mount Calvary Catholic Cemetery in Dubuque, Iowa, beside each other, even though in those days if you were not Catholic you could not be buried in a Catholic Cemetery.
Emma was a good, loving, and kind woman. She was a homemaker. She was a large woman and had a heart condition.

Emma and Frank had four children Leo, Phylis, Hedwig, and Flossie Palen. Hedwig and Flossie died very young. They have many, many descendants. They would be proud.

One of their daughters, my Grandmother, Phyllis Eugenia (Palen) Linderman, and Harry William “Billy” Linderman, had four daughters:

Yvonne (Burgess Levesque), Yvarra “Billie” (Jackson), Jean Marie (Frederick) (Mancill), and Patricia Mae “Patsy” (Cooke), and no sons.

Family links:
Frank Joseph Palen (1864 – 1953)

Leo Frank Palen (1890 – 1971)

Fleicitas M. Palen Strueber (1892 – 1920)

Hedwig J Palen Genz (1898 – 1921)

Phyllis Eugenia Palen Linderman (1904 – 1963) 

Mount Calvary Cemetery
Dubuque County
Iowa, USA 

Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Feb 29, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 24954456

Seal of the City of Dubuque, Iowa.
Seal of the City of Dubuque, Iowa. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Official logo of Dubuque, Iowa
Official logo of Dubuque, Iowa (Photo credit: Wikipedia)




Hello World!

Leine at Hannover City
Leine at Hannover City (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Location of Hannover in Region Hannover
Location of Hannover in Region Hannover (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Coat of arms of Hanover
Coat of arms of Hannover (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Welcome to my Claussen Family Blog. My maternal 2nd. great grandparents were Henry Claussen born on February 1827 in Hannover, Prussia (Germany), and Maria “Mary” (Koble/Kobell) Claussen born on March 28, 1827 in Hannover, Prussia (Germany). They were married  in 1859 in Illinois.

They had five children together. Mary had a son before she married Henry, and he adopted her son, August Luers (also spelled Luehrs).

My maternal great grandparents were Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen and Frank Joseph Palen of Illinois & Minnesota