Leine at Hannover City (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Hanover or Hannover, on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony, Germany and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of Great Britain, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg. ~~WikipediaMy Maternal Second Great Grandparents were Heinrich “Henry” and Maria “Mary” (Kobel) Claussen (also spelled Clausen and Classen). Henry emigrated in 1855 to Castle Garden, New York, New York.Henry was born in February 1827 in Hannover, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany.Died in 24 July 1901 in Caledonia, Houston, Minnesota.Married in 1859 in Illinois to Maria “Mary” Kobel who was born on 28 March 1827 in Baden, Rheinland-Palatinate, Germany.She emigrated from Baden, Germany in 1836 to Castle Garden, New York, New York. Settled in Illinois and Minnesota.Died 7 February 1903 in Caledonia, Houston County, Minnesota.Burial St. John’s German Lutheran Cemetery, Caledonia, Houston County, Minnesota.
Henry & Mary (Kobel) Claussen had six children: August (Luehrs) Henry’s Step son, Frederick “Fred” H., Minnie, Caroline, Emma Elsie (Palen), and Louisa (Olsen) Claussen .
Leineschloss: river frontage (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Hanover or Hannover is situated on the river Leine. It is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) in Germany. The city is a major center of northern Germany.
A highlight is the New City Hall or New Town Hall which was opened on July 20, 1913, after having been under construction for 12 years. It is a magnificent, castle-like building of the era of William II in eclectic style at the southern edge of the inner city (outside of the historic city center of Hanover). The building is embedded in the 10 hectare Maschpark.
The Old City Hall is no longer used as the main seat of administration, but houses businesses and the registry office.
The dome of the New City Hall, with its observation platform, is nearly 100 m high. The dome’s elevator is unique in Europe, with its arched course (parabolic, following the shape of the dome).
The Marktkirche (‘The Church on the Marketplace’ or Market Church) St. Georg and St. Jakobus (‘St. George and St. James’) is the main Lutheran church in Hanover. It was built in the 14th century and together with the nearby Old Town Hall, is considered the southernmost exemplar of the ‘North German brick gothic’ (Norddeutsche Backsteingotik) architectural style.
Hanover is the capital of the state of Lower Saxony was founded in 1946. The city lies along the line of the estimated 515,000 residents. It belongs to the region of Hanover, a local government association, a special kind, and is part of the metropolitan region of Hanover-Brunswick-Göttingen. Hanover was the capital of the country and in 1866 the Prussian province of the same name. The city is today a globally important fair city. It is located at the intersection of important national and European roads.
History of Hanover
Hanover was founded in medieval times on the south bank of the river Leine. Its original name Honovere may mean “high (river)bank”, though this is debated (cf. das Hohe Ufer). Hanover was a small village of ferrymen and fishermen that became a comparatively large town in the 13th century due to its position at a natural crossroads. As overland travel was relatively difficult, its position on the upper navigable reaches of the river helped it to grow by increasing trade. It was connected to the Hanseatic League city of Bremen by the Leine, and was situated near the southern edge of the wide North German Plain and north-west of theHarz mountains, so that east-west traffic such as mule trains passed through it. Hanover was thus a gateway to the Rhine, Ruhr and Saar river valleys, their industrial areas which grew up to the southwest and the plains regions to the east and north, for overland traffic skirting the Harz between the Low Countries and Saxony or Thuringia.
In the 14th century the main churches of Hanover were built, as well as a city wall with three city gates. The beginning of industrialization in Germany led to trade in iron and silver from the northern Harz mountains, which increased the city’s importance.
In 1636 George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruler of the Brunswick-Lüneburg principality of Calenberg, moved his residence to Hanover. The Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg were elevated by the Holy Roman Emperor to the rank of Prince-Elector in 1692, and this elevation was confirmed by the Diet in 1708. Thus the principality was upgraded to the Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, colloquially known as the Electorate of Hanover after Calenberg’s capital (see also: House of Hanover). Its electors would later become monarchs of Great Britain (and from 1801, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland). The first of these was George I Louis, who acceded to the British throne in 1714. The last British monarch who ruled in Hanover was William IV: Salic law, which required succession by the male line, forbade the accession of Queen Victoria in Hanover. As a male-line descendant of George I, Queen Victoria was herself a member of the House of Hanover. Her descendants, however, bore her husband’s titular name of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Three kings of Great Britain, or the United Kingdom, were at the same time Electoral Princes of Hanover.
During the time of the personal union of the crowns of the United Kingdom and Hanover (1714–1837), the monarchs rarely visited the city. In fact, during the reigns of the final three joint rulers (1760–1837), there was only one short visit, by George IV in 1821. From 1816 to 1837 Viceroy Adolphus represented the monarch in Hanover.
During the Seven Years’ War the Battle of Hastenbeck was fought on July 26, 1757, near the city. The French army defeated the Hanoverian Army of Observation, leading to the city’s occupation as part of the Invasion of Hanover. It was recaptured by Anglo-German forces led by Ferdinand of Brunswick the following year.
Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen & daughter, Phylis Adele Palen, about 1907, Caledonia, Minnesota. My Grandmother and Great Grandmother. This is the only pic that I have of them. I treasure it, and I share it with others. Emma died before I was born. I wish that I could have known her. Her father was Henry Claussen, and her mother was Maria “Mary” (Kobel) Claussen. They emigrated from Hannover, Prussia (Germany) in 1855.
Frank Joseph Palen, in 1948, at 705 W. Third Street, Dubuque, Iowa. Great Grandsons; Mike Jackson, Pete & Bill Burgess
Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen
Feb. 15, 1865
Monee, Will County Illinois, USA
Nov. 27, 1930
Dubuque, Dubuque County Iowa, USA
Daughter of Henry Clausenn and Mary (Koble) Clausenn both born in Germany.
Emigrated in 1855 to Illinois. There name was also spelled Claussen, and Classen. I was so excited to find Emma in the 1870 Census for Illinois, so now after 25 yrs. of searching I know who her parents and siblings were.
The 1870 Census for Illinois shows:
name: Emma Classen
estimated birth year: 1865
age in 1870: 5y
color : White
home in 1870: Illinois, United States
Household Gender Age Birthplace
Henry Classen M 43y Germany
Maria Classen F 43y Germany
August Classen M 13y Illinois
Frederick Classen M 11y Illinois
Mina Classen F 9y Illinois
Caroline Classen F 7y Illinois
Emma Classen F 5y Illinois
Louisa Classen F 1y Illinois Source Citation “United States Census, 1870,” index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M6WY-NN3 : accessed 10 Aug 2012), Emma Classen in household of Henry Classen, Illinois, United States; citing p. 4, family 26, NARA microfilm publication M593, FHL microfilm 545791.
Emma was the sister of: August (Luehrs), Frederick, Minnie, Caroline, and Louisa Clasenn.
Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen, beloved first wife of Frank Joseph Palen, married in 1885 in Caledonia, Houston County, Minnesota. Mother of Phyllis Adele Eugenia (Palen) Linderman, my Grandmother. I never knew my Great Grandmother, Emma because she died before I was born.
My Mother is Jean Marie (Linderman)Frederick Mancill, and she told me that Emma was Lutheran, but Frank was Catholic. And…that poor Emma had to attend her church alone, because she had promised to raise their children as Catholic. Mother also told me that Emma had heart problems.
My Grandmother wasn’t allowed to attend church with her Mother, and was forced to attend Catholic schools until she was in High School. Phylis changed spelling of her name to Phyllis, and then she begged her Father to allow her to go to Public High School. He never forgave himself for it, because she married a Lutheran not a Catholic.
Through research, thanks to LeRoy Amacher, I found out that Frank and Emma were both buried in the Mount Calvary Catholic Cemetery in Dubuque, Iowa, beside each other, even though in those days if you were not Catholic you could not be buried in a Catholic Cemetery.
Emma was a good, loving, and kind woman. She was a homemaker. She was a large woman and had a heart condition.
Emma and Frank had four children Leo, Phylis, Hedwig, and Flossie Palen. Hedwig and Flossie died very young. They have many, many descendants. They would be proud.
One of their daughters, my Grandmother, Phyllis Eugenia (Palen) Linderman, and Harry William “Billy” Linderman, had four daughters:
Yvonne (Burgess Levesque), Yvarra “Billie” (Jackson), Jean Marie (Frederick) (Mancill), and Patricia Mae “Patsy” (Cooke), and no sons.
Frank Joseph Palen (1864 – 1953)
Leo Frank Palen (1890 – 1971)
Fleicitas M. Palen Strueber (1892 – 1920)
Hedwig J Palen Genz (1898 – 1921)
Phyllis Eugenia Palen Linderman (1904 – 1963)
Mount Calvary Cemetery
Created by: TEXAS TUDORS
Record added: Feb 29, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 24954456
Christmas Trees are very important in Germany. They were first used in Germany during the Middle Ages. If there are young children in the house, the trees are usually secretly decorated by the Mother of the family. The Christmas tree was traditionally brought into the house on Christmas eve, and during that evening the family would read the Bible and sing Christmas songs such as O Tannenbaum, Ihr Kinderlein Kommet and Stille Nacht (Slient Night).
Sometimes wooden frames, covered with coloured plastic sheets and with electric candles inside, are put in windows to make the house look pretty from the outside.
Christmas Eve is the main day when Germans exchange presents with their families.
In German Merry Christmas is ‘Frohe Weihnacht’.
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Welcome to my Claussen Family Blog. My maternal 2nd. great grandparents were Henry Claussen born on February 1827 in Hannover, Prussia (Germany), and Maria “Mary” (Koble/Kobell) Claussen born on March 28, 1827 in Hannover, Prussia (Germany). They were married in 1859 in Illinois.
They had five children together. Mary had a son before she married Henry, and he adopted her son, August Luers (also spelled Luehrs).
My maternal great grandparents were Emma Elsie (Claussen) Palen and Frank Joseph Palen of Illinois & Minnesota.