Discover one of the most beautiful baroque style gardens in Europe
The art of European horticulture over three centuries The City of Hannover owes the brightest jewel in its crown to an out-of-the-ordinary woman: the world-famous baroque gardens of Herrenhausen were created by Sophia, Princess Palatine of the Rhine, who was Electress of Hannover from 1692 to 1714. The baroque Great Garden (Grosser Garten) and the adjacent George Garden (Georgengarten), a landscape garden in the English style, together form a grand display of the art of European horticulture over a period of three centuries on an area measuring almost two kilometres from end to end. Opposite them is the Hill Garden (Berggarten), which has developed into a botanical display garden of international standing; between 500 and 800 orchids in resplendent bloom can be admired there at any time of the year.
The Great Garden – a festive hall out of doors
Just as the ladies and gentlemen of the court once used to do, today’s visitors too stroll pleasurably between the richly ornamented beds, which on summer evenings are festively illuminated. Springing water babbles in hidden corners, while the Great Fountain rises to an impressive height of 70 meters In summer the gardens become a dream backcloth for the concerts and performances of musicals and drama that make up the Herrenhausen Festival Weeks; at the annual International Firework Competition the pyrotechnics paint fantastic pictures in the air; and at the “Little Festival in the Great Garden” dancers, mime artists and musicians turn the gardens with all their ramifications into an enormous open-air stage.
Niki’s magic world
In Herrenhausen is to be found the final love token given to the people of Hannover by the world-famous artist Niki de Saint Phalle: LA GROTTE. She created this unique work in a 325-year-old grotto in the baroque Great Garden; it is a place of enchantment that exerts a magic attraction on Niki’s fans from all over the world. Mosaics composed of mirrors, pebbles and colored glass come together to give visitors an absorbing sensuous experience; constantly changing light conditions disseminate a mystic atmosphere that captivates children and adults alike.
My Maternal Second Great Grandparents were Heinrich “Henry” and Maria “Mary” (Kobel) Claussen (also spelled Clausen and Classen). Henry emigrated in 1855 to Castle Garden, New York, New York.
Henry was born in February 1827 in Hannover, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany.
Died in 24 July 1901 in Caledonia, Houston, Minnesota.
Married in 1859 in Illinois to Maria “Mary” Kobel who was born on 28 March 1827 in Baden, Rheinland-Palatinate, Germany.
She emigrated from Baden, Germany in 1836 to Castle Garden, New York, New York. Settled in Illinois and Minnesota.
Died 7 February 1903 in Caledonia, Houston County, Minnesota.
Burial St. John’s German Lutheran Cemetery, Caledonia, Houston County, Minnesota.
Henry & Mary (Kobel) Claussen had six children: August (Luehrs) Henry’s Step son, Frederick “Fred” H., Minnie, Caroline, Emma Elsie (Palen), and Louisa (Olsen) Claussen .
Leineschloss: river frontage (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Hanover or Hannover is situated on the river Leine. It is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) in Germany. The city is a major center of northern Germany.
A highlight is the New City Hall or New Town Hall which was opened on July 20, 1913, after having been under construction for 12 years. It is a magnificent, castle-like building of the era of William II in eclectic style at the southern edge of the inner city (outside of the historic city center of Hanover). The building is embedded in the 10 hectare Maschpark.
The Old City Hall is no longer used as the main seat of administration, but houses businesses and the registry office. The dome of the New City Hall, with its observation platform, is nearly 100 m high. The dome’s elevator is unique in Europe, with its arched course (parabolic, following the shape of the dome).
The Marktkirche (‘The Church on the Marketplace’ or Market Church) St. Georg and St. Jakobus (‘St. George and St. James’) is the main Lutheran church in Hanover. It was built in the 14th century and together with the nearby Old Town Hall, is considered the southernmost exemplar of the ‘North German brick gothic’ (Norddeutsche Backsteingotik) architectural style.
Hanover is the capital of the state of Lower Saxony was founded in 1946. The city lies along the line of the estimated 515,000 residents. It belongs to the region of Hanover, a local government association, a special kind, and is part of the metropolitan region of Hanover-Brunswick-Göttingen. Hanover was the capital of the country and in 1866 the Prussian province of the same name. The city is today a globally important fair city. It is located at the intersection of important national and European roads.
History of Hanover
Hanover was founded in medieval times on the south bank of the river Leine. Its original name Honovere may mean “high (river)bank”, though this is debated (cf. das Hohe Ufer). Hanover was a small village of ferrymen and fishermen that became a comparatively large town in the 13th century due to its position at a natural crossroads. As overland travel was relatively difficult, its position on the upper navigable reaches of the river helped it to grow by increasing trade. It was connected to the Hanseatic League city of Bremen by the Leine, and was situated near the southern edge of the wide North German Plain and north-west of theHarz mountains, so that east-west traffic such as mule trains passed through it. Hanover was thus a gateway to the Rhine, Ruhr and Saar river valleys, their industrial areas which grew up to the southwest and the plains regions to the east and north, for overland traffic skirting the Harz between the Low Countries and Saxony or Thuringia.
In the 14th century the main churches of Hanover were built, as well as a city wall with three city gates. The beginning of industrialization in Germany led to trade in iron and silver from the northern Harz mountains, which increased the city’s importance.
During the time of the personal union of the crowns of the United Kingdom and Hanover (1714–1837), the monarchs rarely visited the city. In fact, during the reigns of the final three joint rulers (1760–1837), there was only one short visit, by George IV in 1821. From 1816 to 1837 ViceroyAdolphus represented the monarch in Hanover.